dimecres, 24 de gener de 2018

SHIELD, William (1748-1829) - Rosina (1782)

Thomas Hardy - William Shield (1795)
Obra de Thomas Hardy (1757-c.1805), pintor anglès (1)


- Recordatori de William Shield -
En el dia de la commemoració del seu 189è aniversari de decés



Parlem de Pintura...

Thomas Hardy (Derbyshire, 1757 - c.1805) va ser un pintor anglès. Es desconeix gran part de la seva vida i carrera sent la primera referència de 1778, any que va entrar a la Royal Academy Schools, ens artístic on hi va exhibir a l'entorn de 31 pintures entre els anys 1778 i 1798. Com a pintor es va especialitzar ràpidament en retrats i en aquest gènere, especificament, en la realització de molts quadres de músics actius en aquell temps a Londres, com per exemple Joseph Haydn i Ignaz Pleyel. Thomas Hardy es creu va morir a l'entorn del 1805 si bé algunes fonts la van situar el 14 de setembre de 1804.



Parlem de Música...

William Shield (Swalwell, 5 de març de 1748 - London, 25 de gener de 1829) va ser un compositor anglès. Es va formar inicialment amb el seu pare abans de viatjar a Newcastle, on va rebre formació de Charles Avison i on va participar en els seus primers recitals com a intèrpret de violí. També aquells primers anys de carrera va començar a compondre si bé les obres d'aquell període es van perdre. A l'entorn del 1770 i després de finalitzar els seus estudis, va assolir el càrrec de líder d'una orquestra teatral i de director de concerts a Scarborough i poc després a Durham. El 1772 i després de la recomanació rebuda de Luigi Borghi, es va traslladar a Londres on va entrar com a violinista del King’s Theatre. Allà hi va romandre els propers divuit anys compaginant aquesta feina amb la de compositor del Covent Garden, en un càrrec que va preservar fins el 1797 i on va fer amistat amb Joseph Haydn. El 1779 va ser admès a la Society of Musicians i a partir del 1790 va ser-ho del King’s Music. A partir d'aquells anys va començar a fer-se un nom gràcies als seus intermezzos i òperes de petit format, entre elles i la més representada, Rosina (1782), programada unes 200 vegades a Londres i amb la qual va guanyar una considerable fortuna. Paral·lelement, va desenvolupar una important labor de preservació i difusió de música popular anglesa molta de la qual va incorporar en les seves obres. Com a teòric, va publicar diversos tractats, entre ells, An Introduction to Harmony (London, 1800) i The Rudiments of Thoroughbass (London, 1815). El 1817 va assolir el càrrec de Master of the King’s Music i el 1818 va publicar la seva darrera obra. Finalment, i després d'una carrera de gran èxit, va morir a Londres el gener de 1829.

Rudolph Ackermann - Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, from Bow Street (1816)
Rudolph Ackermann (1764-1834) - Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, from Bow Street (1816)

OBRA:

Vocal:

Stage:
mostly pasticcios with spoken dialogue; first performed in London unless otherwise stated; vocal scores published in London soon after performance
LCG Covent Garden
LDL Drury Lane
aft afterpiece
mf musical farce
pan pantomime
The Shamrock, or The Anniversary of St Patrick (comic op aft, 2, J. O’Keeffe), Dublin, Crow Street, 15 April 1777, and LCG, 7 April 1783, as The Poor Soldier, LCG, 4 Nov 1783, vs/R1981 in Link; ed. W. Brasmer and W. Osborne (1978); music selected by librettist
The Crisis, or Love and Fear (comic op aft, 2, T. Holcroft), LDL, 1 May 1778
The Flitch of Bacon (comic op aft, 2, H. Bate, later Sir H. Bate Dudley), Haymarket, 17 Aug 1778, vs
The Cobler of Castlebury (mf, 2, C. Stuart), LCG, 27 April 1779, some music by Gehot
The Device, or The Deaf Doctor (farce, 2, F. Pilon, after L. de Carmontelle: Le Poulet), LCG, 27 Sept 1779; rev. as The Deaf Lover (farce, 2), LCG, 2 Feb 1780; songs pubd in short score
Henry and Emma (musical interlude, 1, Bate Dudley, after M. Prior: The Nut-Brown Maid), new music for revival, Haymarket, 18 Oct 1779, vs
The Siege of Gibraltar (mf, 2, Pilon), LCG, 25 April 1780, vs
Jupiter and Alcmena (burletta, 3, C. Dibdin after J. Dryden: Amphytrion), LCG, 27 Oct 1781, 1 song pubd with The Divorce, some music by Dibdin
The Divorce (mf, 2, I. Jackman), LDL, 10 Nov 1781, vs (2 songs)
The Positive Man (farce, 2, O’Keeffe, after The She-Gallant), LCG, 16 March 1782, some music by M. Arne
The Lord Mayor’s Day, or A Flight from Lapland (pan, 2, O’Keeffe), LCG, 25 Nov 1782, vs
Rosina, or Love in a Cottage (comic op aft, 2, F.M. Brooke, after C.-S. Favart: Les moissonneurs), LCG, 31 Dec 1782, vs/R; ed. J.L. Hatton and J. Oxenford in English Ballad Operas (1874); MS orch parts GB-Lbl
The Magic Picture (tragicomedy, 5, Bate Dudley, after P. Massinger: The Picture), LCG, 8 Nov 1783, vs
Friar Bacon, or Harlequin’s Adventures in Lilliput, Etc. (pan, 2, C. Bonnor and O’Keeffe), LCG, 23 Dec 1783; incorporated into Harlequin Rambler, or The Convent in a Uproar (pan, 2), 29 Jan 1784; vs/R1981 in Link
Harlequin Junior, or The Magic Cestus (pan, 2), LDL, 7 Jan 1784; ov. by Baumgarten
The Campaign, or Love in the East Indies (comic op, 3, R. Jephson and N. Barry), Dublin, Smock Alley, 30 Jan 1784, and LCG, 12 May 1785, partly compiled by Tenducci, ov. by Haydn, 1 duet pubd; reduced as Love and War (aft, 2), LCG, 12 March 1787
Robin Hood, or Sherwood Forest (comic op, 3, L. MacNally and E. Lysaght, after popular ballads and O. Goldsmith: The Vicar of Wakefield), LCG, 17 April 1784, vs; ov. from Baumgarten: William and Nanny (1779); reduced (aft, 2), 28 Nov 1789
The Noble Peasant (comic op, 3, Holcroft), Haymarket, 2 Aug 1784, vs
Fontainbleau, or Our Way in France (comic op, 3, O’Keeffe), LCG, 16 Nov 1784, vs/R
The Magic Cavern, or Virtue’s Triumph (pan, 2, Pilon and R. Wewitzer), LCG, 27 Dec 1784, vs
The Nunnery (comic op aft, 2, W. Pearce), LCG, 12 April 1785, vs
The Choleric Fathers (comic op, 3, Holcroft), LCG, 10 Nov 1785, vs
Omai, or A Trip Round the World (pan, 2, O’Keeffe), LCG, 20 Dec 1785, vs
Love in a Camp, or Patrick in Prussia (mf, 2, O’Keeffe), LCG, 17 Feb 1786, vs; sequel to The Poor Soldier
Richard Coeur de Lion (comic op, 3, MacNally, after M.-J. Sedaine), LCG, 16 Oct 1786, vs; reduced (aft), 24 Oct 1786; free rev. of Grétry: Richard Coeur-de-lion
The Enchanted Castle (pan, 2, M.P. Andrews), LCG, 26 Dec 1786, vs
Nina (op aft, 1, B.J. Marsollier des Vivetières, trans. J. Wolcot), LCG, 24 April 1787, vs; after Dalayrac: Nina, ou La folle par amour, arr. with W. Parke
The Farmer (mf, 2, O’Keeffe), LCG, 31 Oct 1787, vs/R1981 in Link; ov. by T. Giordani
Marian (comic op aft, 2, Brooke), LCG, 22 May 1788, vs
The Highland Reel (comic op, 3, O’Keeffe), LCG, 6 Nov 1788, vs; reduced (aft, 3), 8 Dec 1788
The Prophet (comic op, 3, R. Bentley), LCG, 13 Dec 1788, vs; reduced (aft, 2), 4 Feb 1789; ov. by Salieri
Aladin, or The Wonderful Lamp (pan, 2, O’Keeffe), LCG, 26 Dec 1788, vs; compiled by A. Shaw; ov. by B.I. Richardson
The Czar (comic op, 3, O’Keeffe), LCG, 8 March 1790, 2 songs pubd; reduced as The Fugitive (aft, 2), 4 Nov 1790; lib printed as The Czar Peter; uses Mozart’s ‘La ci darem la mano’, not yet pubd
The Crusade (musical drama, 3, F. Reynolds), LCG, 6 May 1790, vs, part in full score
The Picture of Paris, Taken in the Year 1790 (pan, 2, Bonnor and R. Merry), LCG, 20 Dec 1790, vs; 2 numbers from J.G. Naumann: Amphion
The Woodman (comic op, 3, H. Bate Dudley), LCG, 26 Feb 1791 , vs/R
Oscar and Malvina, or The Hall of Fingal (ballet pan, 1, J. Byrn, after J. Macpherson: Ossian), LCG, 20 Oct 1791, vs; completed by W. Reeve
Hartford Bridge, or The Skirts of a Camp (mf, 2, Pearce), LCG, 3 Nov 1792, vs
Harlequin’s Museum, or Mother Shipton Triumphant (pan, 2), LCG, 20 Dec 1792, vs; compiled by T. Goodwin
The Midnight Wanderers (comic op aft, 2, Pearce), LCG, 25 Feb 1793, vs; ov. from Naumann: Amphion
To Arms, or The British Recruit (musical interlude, 1, T. Hurlstone), LCG, 3 May 1793; incl. music by T. Giordani and Dr Stevenson of Dublin; as The British Recruit, or Who’s Afraid?, 16 March 1795
Sprigs of Laurel, or Royal Example (comic op aft, 2, O’Keeffe), LCG, 11 May 1793, vs; reduced as The Rival Soldiers (musical entertainment, 1), 17 May 1797
Harlequin and Faustus, or The Devil will Have his Own (pan, 2, J. Wild), LCG, 19 Dec 1793
The Travellers in Switzerland (comic op, 3, Bate Dudley), LCG, 22 Feb 1794, vs
Netley Abbey (mf, 2, Pearce), LCG, 10 April 1794, vs; ov. and 1 song by Parke, finale by W. Howard
Arrived at Portsmouth (mf, 2, Pearce), LCG, 30 Oct 1794; reduced (mf, 1), 13 Jan 1796
Hercules and Omphale (ballet pan, 2, Byrn), LCG, 17 Nov 1794; ov. by Reeve Mago and Dago, or Harlequin the Hero (pan, 1, M. Lonsdale), LCG, 26 Dec 1794; compiled by Goodwin
The Mysteries of the Castle (musical drama, 3, Andrews and Reynolds), LCG, 31 Jan 1795, vs
The Irish Mimic, or Blunders at Brighton (mf, 2, O’Keeffe), LCG, 23 April 1795
The Sailor’s Prize, or May-Day Wedding (musical interlude, 1), LCG, 1 May 1795
The Death of Captain Faulknor, or British Heroism (musical interlude, 1, ?Pearce), LCG, 6 May 1975; collab. Byrn, ov. by S. Arnold; some music re-used from Arrived at Portsmouth
Lock and Key (mf, 2, P. Hoare), LCG, 2 Feb 1796, vs; ov. by Parke
The Lad of the Hills, or The Wicklow Gold Mine (comic op, 3, O’Keeffe), LCG, 9 April 1796, vs; reduced as The Wicklow Mountains (aft, 2), 7 Oct 1796; Act 2 finale by Parke
The Point at Herqui, or British Bravery Triumphant (musical interlude, 1, J.C. Cross), LCG, 15 April 1796
Abroad and at Home (comic op, 3, J.G. Holman), LCG, 19 Nov 1796, vs
The Italian Villagers (comic op, 3, Hoare), LCG, 25 April 1797
The Village Fete (occasional interlude, 1, R. Cumberland), LCG, 18 May 1797, to commemorate the marriage of the Princess Royal
Two Faces under a Hood (comic op, 3, T. Dibdin), LCG, 17 Nov 1807, vs
Yours or Mine? (operatic farce, 2, J. Tobin), LCG, 23 Sept 1816, 2 songs
Songs in: The Musical Lady, LCG, 24 Sept 1784; The Follies of a Day, or The Marriage of Figaro, LCG, 14 Dec 1784; The Duenna, LCG, 22 Dec 1787; The Relief of Williamstadt, or The Return from Victory, LDL at the Haymarket, 23 March 1793; Harlequin’s Chaplet, LCG, 2 Oct 1793; Hamlet, LCG, 9 Oct 1793

Other vocal:
Anthem, Sunderland, St John’s Church, 6 March 1769, lost
Dedication Ode, Sunderland, Phoenix Lodge, 1785, lost
Birthday Ode (R. Southey), 1817, GB-Lbl*
A Collection of Favourite Songs, hpd, v/vn/gui/fl (London, c1775)
A Collection of Songs Sung at Vauxhall by Mrs. Weichsell (London, c1780)
A Collection of Canzonetts and an Elegy, v (2 for 2vv, 1 for SATB), pf/hp (London, 1796)
ed.: J. Haydn: 12 Ballads … adapted to English Words, v, kbd (London, 1786)
ed. with J. Ritson: A Select Collection of English Songs (London, 1783); Scotish Songs (London, 1794)
ed. with S. Webbe and F. Hyde: A Miscellaneous Collection of Songs, Ballads, Canzonets (London, c1798)
Songs in: The Songster’s Jubilee, c1801; Variety, or Something New, 1802; The Wandering Melodist, or The Rose, Shamrock and Thistle, 1803; The Lyric Novelist, or Life Epitomiz’d, 1804; A Voyage to India, Lyceum, 1807; Hospitality, or The Harvest Home, 1808
Other songs and glees pubd separately and in The Lady’s Magazine

Instrumental:

6 duets, 2 vn ( 1 for 2 fl), op.1 (London, 1777/R)
6 duets, 2 vn, op.2 (London, c1780/R)
6 str qts (1 for fl, str), op.3 (London, c1782); no.2 ed. E. Hunt (London, 1950)
6 str trios (London, 1796)
Str trios, Lbl
The South Shields Loyal Volunteers March, Troop, Quick Step, pf/hp (London, c1800)
The Union Volunteers March, Troop, Quick Step, pf/hp (London, c1800)
Minuets, hpd, dedicated to Princes Elizabeth, Lcm (?autograph)

Literatura:

An Introduction to Harmony (London, 1800, 2/1815)
The Rudiments of Thoroughbass for Young Harmonists (London, 1815) [bound with 2nd edn of Introduction to Harmony]



Informació addicional... 

INTERPRETS: The Ambrosian Singers; London Symphony Orchestra; Richard Bonynge
PRESTOCLASSICAL: SHIELD, W. - Rosina
CPDL: No disponible
SPOTIFY: SHIELD, W. - Rosina



Tant si us ha agradat, com si no, opineu, és lliure i fàcil!

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