dilluns, 4 de juliol de 2016

YOST, Michèl (1754-1786) - Clarinet Quartets

Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidauld - Paysage classique avec des personnages
Obra de Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidauld (1758-1846), pintor francès (1)


- Recordatori de Michèl Yost -
En el dia de la commemoració del seu 230è aniversari de decés



Parlem de Pintura...

Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidauld (Carpentras, 10 d'abril de 1758 - Montmorency, 20 d'octubre de 1846) va ser un pintor francès de l'època clàssica. Va estudiar pintura amb el seu germà gran Jean-Pierre-Xavier, a Lió. El 1783 va viatjar a París on va conèixer un marxant d'art que el va finançar i l'hi va pagar viatges d'estudis a Itàlia on hi va viure durant cinc anys. El 1790 va tornar a París i el 1791 va exposar al Salo d'Art de la ciutat per primera vegada. El 1792 va començar a rebre encàrrecs oficials i el 1823 es va convertir en membre de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts. El 1825 va rebre la prestigiosa Legió d'Honor. Tanmateix, els nous models romàntics van fer decaure la seva obra formada principalment per vistes i paisatges clàssics. Els seus últims anys va ser criticat i va viure en la misèria tot i haver rebut, en el seu dia, l'admiració pública de Camille Corot. Va morir a Montmorency l'octubre de 1846.

Font: En català: No disponible En castellano: No disponible In english: Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidauld (1758-1846) - Altres: Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidauld (1758-1846) 



Parlem de Música...

Michèl Yost (Paris, 1754 - Paris, 5 de juliol de 1786) va ser un clarinetista, professor i compositor francès. Es va formar amb Joseph Beer fent la seva primera aparició pública el 1777 en el Concert Spirituel. Ràpidament la seva tècnica i virtuosisme van atraure l'atenció del públic francès realitzant més de 38 interpretacions, entre els anys 1781 i 1786 i sovint amb partitures pròpies, en el mateix Concert Spirituel. I si bé no va rebre estudis formals en composició, va ser capaç de construir un repertori amb una quinzena de concerts i un centenar d'obres de cambra, moltes de les quals van ser editades i publicades pel seu bon amic J.C. Vogel. També va treballar com a professor tenint com alumnes, entre altres, el famós clarinetista i compositor Xavier Lefèvre. Yost va morir a París el juliol de 1786.

OBRA:

Instrumental:

Orch:
14 concs, incl. no.9, ed. C. Stevens (Provo, 1963), J. Michaels (Hamburg, 1976);
no.10, ed. I. Chai (Baton Rouge, 1984);
no.11, ed. P. West (Lincoln, 1991)

Chbr:
48 duos, 2 cl, incl. nos.2 and 4, ed. J. Michaels (Hamburg, 1967), 6 duos, op.5, ed. H. Voxman (London, 1979), 12 kleine Duos, ed. F.G. Holy (Lottstetten, 1992);
12 duos, cl, vn;
12 airs variés, 2 cl;
12 airs variés, cl, va;
3 trios, 2 cl, bn, incl. no.1, ed. H. Voxman (Chicago, 1966);
Trio, ed. K. Schultz-Hauser (Mainz, 1968);
27 trios: 3 for 2 cl, vc, 3 for 2 cl, va, 3 for fl, cl, bn, 3 for fl, cl, va, 3 for fl, cl, vc, 3 for cl, hn, bn, 3 for cl, vn, bn, 3 for cl, hn, vc, 3 for cl, vn, vc;
18 qts, cl, vn, va, b;
Rondo, 3 cl, bass cl, ed. J. Lancelot (Paris, 1989);
op.1, ed. J. Lancelot (Paris, 1994);
12 airs variés, cl, vn, va, b

Font: En català: Michèl Yost (1754-1786) En castellano: Michèl Yost (1754-1786) In english: Michèl Yost (1754-1786) - Altres: Michèl Yost (1754-1786)



Parlem en veu pròpia o en veu d'altri...

Michel Yost (1754–1786) was a famous clarinetist who died at an early age. Yost, the co-founder of a French clarinet school, was a brilliant and dazzling instrumentalist, a virtuoso in every sense of the 18th Century meaning of this word. He was a composer of concertos, quartets, and duets for his instrument. He was better known by his first name than his last name. Michel was his trademark, and works under this name were published throughout Europe. The Extraordinary beauty of his tone and the accuracy of his playing made him famous outside France as well. No less a figure than Xavier Lefevre numbered among his pupils. Many lexicon entries praise the careful craftsmanship of his compositions, while also indicating that he was incapable of setting forth his musical ideas in the proper form. This was probably why he teamed up with Johann Christoph Vogel. Vogel had a hand in most of Yost’s works but left the design of the figurations up to him. Vogel owed his fame not only to his dramatic compositions but also to instrumental works published under the name of Michel. The fact that such works were team efforts was at first not reflected at all on the title pages. It was only in later years, with the reissuing of works such as those for clarinet and string trio, that this matter was corrected with both Vogel and Yost being credited with their composition. Michel Yost’s father, who was a native of Switzerland, played the trumpet for the French cavalry. The younger Yost also learned the musical basics from the military masters. Today we may recoil from the fact that a virtuoso made such a beginning, but in the 18th Century this was the usual practice for wind instruments. 

Here we need only recall the compositional background of the serenades and partitas by Johann Christian Bach, Joseph Haydn, and other composers. The musicians who performed these works either were borrowed from the military bands very often stationed in the royal household or taken from the ranks of town musicians. Joseph Beer (1744–1811), Yost’s teacher, was the first clarinetist to use an inverted reed. It is held to the lower lip in contrast to the practice of holding the reed to the upper lip. The inverted reed created a sensation throughout Europe. Heinrich Baermann (1784–1847), Carl Maria von Weber’s friend, was also among Beer’s pupils. Mozart also knew the gifted instrumentalist Beer, a native of Bohemia, and dedicated a virtuoso variation work to him. It is a well-known fact that Michel Yost’s performances at the Concerts Spirituel in Paris were major cultural events. His gentle, nimble tone and his virtuoso gifts inspired French composers to rewrite their oboe parts for clarinet and to feature this instrument in their symphonies and concertos. Owing to their great popularity, Michel Yost’s clarinet concertos circulated throughout Europe. A fruitful synthesis between the musicality of musician Johann Christoph Vogel and the technique of the gifted virtuoso Michel Yost. It is not surprising that their joint efforts continued to serve as models for many clarinetists into the Romantic Era. The charm and grace of their themes have much of Mozart in them, and the fine craftsmanship of their scores is reason alone enough for instrumentalists of the present day to take a new look at this highly talented classical team.

MUSICALICS (source/font: aquí)

Gaudiu i compartiu! 



Informació addicional... 

INTERPRETS: Jiri Kotal (clarinet); Petr Zdvihal (violin); Karel Untermuller (viola); David Havelik (cello)
EUROPADISC: YOST - Clarinet Quartets
CPDL: No disponible
SPOTIFY: No disponible



Tant si us ha agradat, com si no, opineu, és lliure i fàcil!

3 comentaris:

  1. Moltes gràcies, Pau! Jo creia que el repertori per a clarinet ja no tindria moltes sorpreses per a mi i em trobo amb aquestes obres tan boniques.

    ResponElimina
    Respostes
    1. L'autor ha eliminat aquest comentari.

      Elimina
    2. No has de perdre la fe perquè de noves sorpreses, creu-me, 'clarinetment' en tindràs!

      Salut!
      Pau

      Elimina