diumenge, 14 de febrer de 2016

FUX, Johann Joseph (1660-1741) - Kaiserrequiem (1720)

Giovanni Andrea Donducci - Landscape with John the Baptist Preaching in the Wilderness



- Recordatori de Johann Joseph Fux -
En el dia de la commemoració del seu 175è aniversari de decés



Parlem de Pintura...

Giovanni Andrea Donducci, dit 'Mastelletta' (Bologna, 14 de febrer de 1575 - Bologna, 1655) va ser un pintor italià conegut amb el nom de 'Mastelletta', degut a la professió paterna. Va començar la seva carrera com alumne dels Carracci, sobretot de Ludovico, a l'Accademia degli Incamminati. No obstant, i poc després, es va decantar per l'estil d'artistes com Pietro Faccini i Annibale Castelli. Després de la mort d'Annibale Carracci, Mastelletta va marxar a Roma, on es va integrar al cercle d'artistes format a l'entorn d'Adam Elsheimer, Carlo Saraceni i Agostino Tassi, tots ells especialistes en la realització de paisatges. El seu art va rebre la influència de mestres del passat, especialment d'artistes com Parmigianino, Bertoia i, sobretot, Niccolò dell'Abbate. Entre els anys 1613 i 1614 es va encarregar de la decoració de l'església de San Domenico de Bolonya. Els darrers anys la seva salut mental es va deteriorar i es va acabar aïllant del món i renunciant a la pintura. Finalment va ser acollit pels franciscans de Bolonya, ciutat on va morir el 1655




Parlem de Música...

Johann Joseph Fux (Hirtenfeld, 1660 - Wien, 13 de febrer de 1741) va ser un teòric i un compositor austríac, l'obra de qui va representar la culminació del barroc italo-austríac. Les seves composicions van ser el reflex de les preocupacions catòliques i imperials de la monarquia dels Habsburgs i el seu tractat Gradus ad Parnassum (1725) va ser la publicació teòrica més important d'Europa durant el segle XVIII. Procedent d'una família camperola, Johann Joseph Fux va iniciar els seus estudis musicals animat pels jesuïtes de la seva localitat natal d'Hirtenfeld. Es va matricular a la Universitat de Graz el 1680, ampliant els seus estudis a Itàlia abans de ser nomenat organista de la Schottenkirche de Viena. Després d'un nou viatge a Itàlia, on va estudiar amb Pasquini a Roma, va ser nomenat primer mestre de capella de la Catedral de Sant Esteve de Viena, càrrec que va desenvolupar abans de rebre el nomenament de mestre de capella de la cort imperial. La seva obra va representar un dels punts culminants del barroc austríac, si bé basada en un marcat tradicionalisme i una fidelitat ferma als principis polifònics de Palestrina. La seva òpera Constanza i Fortezza (1723), composta per a la coronació de l'emperador Carles VI, va acréixer la seva fama a tot Europa i va consolidar el seu estil més conservador, tot i que en obres posteriors s'aprecien influències de Lully i Corelli, així com de melodies populars hongareses i eslaves. Va ser, a més, un pedagog d'extraordinària vàlua i la seva obra Graus ad Parnassum (1725) va servir de base a molts dels tractats sobre contrapunt dels anys i segles posteriors, fins al punt que aquesta reputació ha enfosquit la seva excel·lència com a compositor. Entre les seves obres, majoritàriament dedicades a la música sacra, a més de l'esmentada òpera, s'hi inclouen 25 obres per a teclat, 63 sonates, 110 misses i fragments de misses, 20 òperes més i prop de 250 composicions religioses menors. En totes elles, a més de la polifonia vocal, Fux hi combina tant la monumental orquestració germànica com la lleugeresa d'altres llenguatges. Va morir a Viena el febrer de 1741.

OBRA:

Vocal religiosa:

Masses, I/i:
1, S Carlo (Messa canonica), C, SATB, k7;
2, Rorate, C, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e5;
3, C, SATB, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, e3;
4, C, SATB, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, e15;
5, S Ioannis Nepomucensis, C, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k34a;
6, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc, k46;
7, Missa solennis, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc, e157;
8, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc (Ky, Gl only);
9, Majestatis, C, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, bc, e72, lost;
10, S Norberti, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc, e71, lost;
11, C, ?SATB, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e139, lost;
12, C, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k45;
13, S Fidelii, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e13;
14, S Michaelis/Ariosa, C, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, k2, k36, l20;
15, S Ignatii, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, l4;
16, S Conradi Episcopi, C, SATB, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e153
17, S Leopoldi, C, S, A, T, B, SA, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e7;
18, Ne intres in iudicium, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k21;
19, Corporis Christi, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k10, F I/i;
20, Primitiva, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k26;
21, Sancti Spiritus, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k38;
22, Brevis solennitatis, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k5, F I/iii;
23, Messe, C, 2 S, 2 A, 2 T, 2 B, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k47;
24, C, lost;
25, Lachrymantis Virginis (Klosterneuburger Messe), c, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e12, F I/ii;
26, Fuge perversum mundum, c, 2 S, 2 A, 2 T, 2 B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k16
27, Purificationis/Conceptionis, D, SATB, 2 trbn, bc, k28;
28, Neutralis, D, SATB, 2 vn, bc;
29, Fortitudinis, D, SATB, 2 vn, bc, l2;
30, S Mathiae/Bonae famae, D, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k48;
31, S Josephi, D, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k35;
32, SS Trinitatis, D, SATB, SATB, 3 trbn, 2 vn, 3 va, bc, e113;
33, S Dionysii, D, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, l3;
34, Quadragesimalis, d, SATB, k29;
35, d, lost;
36, d, SATB, 2 vn, bc, l11;
37, S Dominici, d, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e10;
38, S Remigii, d, SATB, 2 vn, bc;
39, d, SATB, 2 vn, bc;
40, Fiduciae, d, SATB, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, k15;
41, d, SATB, 2 trbn, violetta, bc, e6;
42, S Evermodi, d, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, l10;
43, S Ludmillae/S Arnoldi, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 vn, bc, l9
44, S Sebasti[a]ni, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 vn, 2 va, bc (2nd version SATB, 2 vn, bc), l5;
45, Humilitatis, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k17, F I/vii;
46, Post modicum non videbitis me, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k23;
47, Quid transitoria, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k30;
48, S Thomae, e Phrygian, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k39;
49, Confidentiae, e, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 vn, [bc], k8;
50, Una ex duodecim, e, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k42;
51, Septem dolorum Beatae Mariae Virginis, E , SATB, 2 vn, bc, e11;
52, Temperantiae, E , S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e73;
53, Vicissitudinis, F, SSATB, bc, k44,l14, l22;
54, Non erit in mora, F, SATB, 2 vn, bc, k39;
55, F, SATB, 2 vn, va, bc, l17
56, F, SATB, violetta, 2 vn, bc, e4;
57, Simplicis intentionis, F, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k49;
58, F, ?SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e138, lost;
59, Matutina, F, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, violetta, va, bc, k20;
60, Credo in unum Deum, F, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k11;
61, In fletu solatium, F, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k18;
62, S Bartholomaei, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e8;
63, Benjamin, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k3;
64, Brevium ultima, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k6;
65, Tempus volat, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k41;
66, S Joannis, F, SATB Soli/Tutti, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 3 va, bc, k34;
67, G Mixolydian, SATB, 2 vn, bc, l1, lost;
68, Momentaneum, G, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e74, lost
69, S Ambrosii, G, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e152;
70, Pro gratiarum actione, G, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k27, F I/iv;
71, Velociter currit, G, SATB, 3 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k43;
72, Bonae spei, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k4;
73, Dies mei sicut umbra, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k12;
74, Temperantiae, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k40;
75, Audient mansueti, g, SATB, 2 vn, bc, l13;
76, Charitatis/Refrigerii, g, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, l12,l16;
77, Ipse reget nos in saecula, g, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, l15;
78, Ferventis orationis, g, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k14;
79, Preces tibi Domine, g, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k24;
80, Reconvalescentiae, g, S, S, A, T, B, SSATB, 2 cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k31
81, Non avertas faciem tuam, A, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e9;
82, A, SSATB, 2 vn, bc, e2;
83, A, ?SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e137, lost;
84, Lingua mea calamus scribae velociter scribentis, a, SATB, 2 vn, bc, k19;
85, a, SATB, 2 trbn, violetta, 2 va, bc, l23;
86, Constantiae, a, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 2 va, basso di viola, bc, k9;
87, a, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e1;
88, S Aloysii, a, SATB, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, l7;
89, S Caroli, a, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k33;
90, S Josephi, a, S, A, T, T, B, SATTB, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, l8;
91, S Philippi Neri, B , SATB, 2 vn, bc, l6;
92, Divinae gratiae, B , SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k13;
93, Precum/Conceptionis, B , SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k25, k50;
94, S Antonii de Padua, B , SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k32, l21;
95, B  ?SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e136, lost

Mass sections:
1, Cum Sancto Spiritu, d, SSATB;
2, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, SSATB, 2 vn, bc, l25;
3, Dona nobis pacem, F, SATB, bc, k236;
4, Kyrie, B , SATB, 2 vn, bc, e18

Requiems, I/ii
1, C, ?SSATB, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, lost;
2, C, SATB, 4 tpt, timp, 4 va, bc, lost;
3, C, SSATB, 2 cornett/va, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, bc, e16;
4, c, SATB, 3 trbn, 4 va, bc, l30, lost;
5, c, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 4 va, bc, k56, k57;
6, c, SSATB, 2 ob, 2 trbn, 2 vn/va, 2 va, bc, l24, l28, e17;
7, ‘Kaiserrequiem’, c, S, S, A, T, B, SSATB, 2 cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, 1720, k51–3, F I/vi;
8, E , ?SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn/2 va, bc, e140, lost;
9, F, ?1697, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 violetta, bc, k55, F I/v

Requiem sections:
1, Libera me, g, SATB, bc, k54;
2, Libera me, g, SATB, bc (2 versions), e150;
3, Sanctus, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Lux aeterna, S, S, A, T, B, SSATB, 2 cornett, 3 trbn, 4 va, bc, l18

Litanies and sub tuum praesidium settings, I/iii
Litanies:
1, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, violetta, 2 va, bc, k118;
2, Mater divinae gratiae, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k122, F II/iv;
3, Sancti Dei genitrix, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k120, F II/iv;
4, Sancta Maria, C, S, S, A, T, B, SSATB, 2 tpt, timp, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k121, F II/iv;
5, Mater inviolata, c, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k125;
6, D, SATB, unison vns, bc, k119;
7, d, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e86, e103;
8, Mater Salvatoris, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k123;
9, e, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e87
10, E , SATB, 2 vn, bc, e141, lost;
11, F, SATB, violetta, bc, e35;
12, F, SATB, 2 va, bc, e156;
13, F, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, l50;
14, F, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e129, lost;
15, G, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e31;
16, G, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e142, lost;
17, g, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e34;
18, a, SATB, 2 va, bc, e32;
19, a, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc;
20, a, SSATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e30;
21, a, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k115;
22, a, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k116;
23, B , SATB, 2 va, bc, e33; 24, Mater admirabilis, B , S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k124;
25, B , S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k117

Sub tuum praesidium:
26–37, C, c, D, e, E , F, G, g, A, a, B , h, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e36

Vesper settings, I/iv:
1, C, SATB, 2 vn, bc;
2, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e24;
3, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k59;
4, c, ? SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e144, lost;
5, d, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k69;
6, d, ? SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e146, lost;
7, d, SSATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e20;
8, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k60, k71, k78, e27;
9, E , SATB, 2 vn, bc, e19;
10, F, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e102;
11, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k61;
12, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k65, k106, k114;
13, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k67
14, G, ? SATB, bc, e133, lost;
15, G, ? SATB, bc (inc.);
16, G, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e22;
17, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k66, k73, k96, k103, k111;
18, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k77, k93, k243;
19, g, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k62;
20, a, ? SATB, bc, e134, lost;
21, a, S, A, T, B, SATB, k68, k95, k108, k135, k136, k227, k230, k233;
22, B , SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e21;
23, B , ? SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e145, lost;
24, ?B , S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e84, lost;
25, B , S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k58

Grouped items:
1, Beatus vir, Laudate pueri, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k82;
2, Confitebor, Beatus vir, Laudate pueri, Laudate Dominum, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k63;
3, Confitebor, Beatus vir, Laudate pueri, Laudate Dominum, SATB, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, k64;
4, Dixit Dominus, Confitebor, S A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k76;
5, Laudate Dominum, Magnificat, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k94, F II/iii

Single items:
1, Beatus vir, D, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k80;
2, Beatus vir, G, ?S, trbn, 2 vn, bc, l48, lost;
3, Beatus vir, G, SSATB, 2 vn, bc, k83;
4, Beatus vir, g, SAB, 2 vn, va, bc, k81;
5, Confitebor, d, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k79;
6, Credidi, a, 2vv, bc, lost;
7, Credidi, a, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k231;
8, De profundis clamavi, c, SATB, lost;
9, De profundis clamavi, d, SATB, l39;
10, Deus in adiutorium meum, d, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e154;
11, Dixit Dominus, C, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc, e85;
12, Dixit Dominus, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k70;
13, Dixit Dominus, C, S, A, T, T, B, B, SATB, cornett, 4, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k75
14, Dixit Dominus, G, S, S, A, A, T, T, B, B, SSATB, 2 cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k72;
15, Dixit Dominus, g, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k74;
16, Domine probasti me, g, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k234;
17, In convertendo Dominus, c, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k242;
18, In exitu Israel, e, SATB, 2 vn, 2 va, bc;
19, Laetatus sum, C, SSAATTBB, 2 vn, va, bc, k105;
20, Laetatus sum, F, e135, lost;
21, Laetatus sum, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k102;
22, Laetatus sum, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2vn, va, bc, k104;
23, Lauda Ierusalem, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k113;
24, Lauda Ierusalem, B , ? SATB, bc, lost;
25, Lauda Ierusalem, B , S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, vc, bc, k112
26, Laudate Dominum, C, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e29, F II/iii;
27, Laudate Dominum, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc,k91, F II/iii;
28, Laudate Dominum, D, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k92, F II/iii;
29, Laudate pueri, D, AT, 2 vn, bc, k85;
30, Laudate pueri, D, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k86;
31, Laudate pueri, d, SA, 2 vn, bc, e28;
32, Laudate pueri, F, B, 2 vn, va, bc, k84;
33, Laudate pueri, F, ? SB, 2 vn, bc, e147, lost;
34, Laudate pueri, F, ? SATB, lost;
35, Laudate pueri, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k87;
36, Laudate pueri, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k88;
37, Laudate pueri, g, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e155
38, Laudate pueri, g, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k89;
39, Laudate pueri, B , S, 2 vn, bc, e25;
40, Magnificat, C, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc;
41, Magnificat, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k97, F II/iii;
42, Magnificat, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, vc, bc, k98;
43, Magnificat, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 3 va, bc, k99;
44, Magnificat, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k100;
45, Magnificat, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 va, bc, k101;
46, Nisi Dominus, d, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k109;
47, Nisi Dominus, e Phrygian, SATB, bc, k110;
48, Nisi Dominus, A, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k107

Compline settings, I/v:
1, e, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k130–34;
2, F, S, A, T, B, SATB, k129;
3, G Mixolydian, SATB, k127;
4, G, SSATTB, bc, k126; 5, G, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k128

Te deum, I/vi:
1, C, SATTB, k272;
2, C, S, A, T, B, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, 2 va/trbn, bc, l34;
3, C, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, vc, bc, 1723, k270, F II/ii;
4, C, S, S, A, T, B, SSATB, 2 cornett, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 2 va, basso di viola, bc, 1704, k271;
5, C, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, 1706, e37, F II/i;
6, C, S, S, A, A, T, T, B, B, SSAATTBB, 2 ob/cornett, 2 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, l35

Motets, graduals and offertories, I/vii:
1, Accurite populi, SATB, 2 vn, 3 va, bc, lost;
2, Ad arma, B, 2 vn, va, vc, bc, e97;
3, Ad astra non negate, T, 2 vn, va, bc, l40;
4, Ad gaudia, ad festa, S, 2 vn, va, bc, lost;
5, Ad te Domine levavi, d, SATB,k153;
6, Ad te Domine levavi, a, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e107;
7, Aeterna rerum, ?3vv, lost;
8, Alleluia, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, bc, e77, lost;
9, Angelis suis, SATB, k143;
10, Angelorum imperatrix, lost;
11, Ave Maria, SATB, k151;
12, Ave maris stella, e131, lost;
13, Ave mundi spes, SAT, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k171;
14, Ave o puerpera, SAT, 2 vn, bc, k172;
15, Ave pia stella maris, S, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k173, F III/i;
16, Ave salus mundi, SATB, bc, k163, F III/iii;
17, Bellae rosae, lost;
18, Benedicam Dominum, C, 2 vn, va, bc, lost;
19, Benedicta quae lilium es, SS, 2 vn, bc, k174;
20, Benedixisti Domine, SATB, k150
21, Celebremus cum gaudio, S, T, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k181;
22, Christe, fili summi patris, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k175, F III/iii;
23, Coelum gaude, SATBB, 7 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc;
24, Coelum plaude, ? S, bc, lost;
25, Coelum plaude, SSATB, 2 vn, va, bc, l44, F III/iv;
26, Commendare, lost;
27, Concussum est mare, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k177, F III/iii;
28, Confitamini Domino, ? SSA, bc, lost;
29, Confitebor, B, 2 vn, bc, e56;
30, Cuius vita, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e79, lost;
31, Deus in adiutorium meum, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e99, F III/iv;
32, Deus tu convertens, SATB, k149;
33, Domine fac mecum misericordiam, SATB, k155;
34, Domine in auxilium meum, SATB, k154;
35, Ecce clara fulget, SB, 2 vn, bc, e57;
36, Ecce sacerdos magnus, TB, 2 vn, bc, k166;
37, Eia gaude, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e81, lost;
38, Eia gentes, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e143, lost;
39, Eius plore, lost;
40, Esto custos cordis, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, lost
41, Estote fortes, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 3 va, bc, k159, F III/iii;
42, Esto tutrix, lost;
43, Et mane videbitis, SATB, k142;
44, Excita potentiam, SATB, k140;
45, Ex Sion species decoris eius, SATB, bc, k139;
46, Exurge Domine, SATB, e40;
47, Fideles animae, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e75, lost;
48, Flammis cor …, e132, lost;
49, Gaude et jubila, ? S, bc, lost;
50, Gaude Maria, B, 2 vn, va, bc, lost;
51, Gaudia et plausus date, ? S, bc, lost;
52, Gemma decens, lost;
53, Gloria tua est Domine, SATB, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc, e98, F III/iv;
54, Gratulemur in hac die, S, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, bc, k162, F III/i;
55, Huc terra gigantes, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, va, bc,l43, F III/iv;
56, In omnem, SATB, 2 vn, bc, e78, lost;
57, Intende voci orationis meae, SATB, k156;
58, Iste est sanctus, SAT, bc, k180;
59, Iste sanctus pro lege Dei, ATB, bc, k178;
60, Isti, qui amicti sunt, T, 2 vn, bc, k182
61, Jubilate, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, bc, e46;
62, Justitiae Domini, SATB, e44;
63, Justum deduxit, SATB, bc, k179, F III/iii;
64, Laetare, T, 2 vn, bc, e80, F III/i;
65, Laetatus sum, SATB, e41;
66, Laudate Dominum, SATB, 2 vn, va, bc, e158;
67, Lingua mea, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k161;
68, Lux perpetua, SATB, 2 vn, va, bc,l29;
69, Me habite excusatis, lost;
70, Mundi luxus, lost;
71, Non confundentur Domine, SATB, k137;
72, O admirabile commercium, SATB, 3 trbn, 2 vn, bc, l33;
73, O coeli, S, A, T, B, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e83;
74, O cunctarum, lost;
75, Odorosae, charae rosae, AT, 2 vn, bc, e45;
76, O flos!, C, 2 vn, va, bc, lost;
77, O ignis coelestis, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k170, F III/iii;
78, O Maria mater lucis, S, 2 vn, va, bc, e106;
79, O mi Jesu, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, lost;
80, Omnibus qui invocant eum, SATB, cornett, 2 tpt, 2 trbn, 2 vn, 3 va, bc, k141
81, Omnis terra adoret te Deus, SSATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k183, F III/iv;
82, O panis, o caro, T, ?insts, bc, lost;
83, Oravi, SATB, 3 trbn, unison vns, bc, e105, F III/iv;
84, O sancta benedicta, SS, 2 vn, bc; 85, O sancte, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, bc, e100, F III/iv; 86, O ter fortunata, S, fl, 2 vn, bc, l47, lost;
87, O vos omnes, B, 2 vn, bc, lost;
88, Pia mater, fons amoris, S, 2 vn, bc, k176, F III/i;
89, Plaudite Deo nostro, S, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k167, F III/i;
90, Plaudite, sonat tuba, T, tpt, 2 vn, va, bc, k165;
91, Ponis nubem ascensum, SST, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k169;
92, Preciosa mors sanctorum, SATB, bc, e55;
93, Propter Evam, lost;
94, Quae est ista, B, 2 vn, va, bc, l41;
95, Quare Domine irasceris, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, lost;
96, Quem terra pontus sidera, SATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, va, bc;
97, Quis est iste, S, S, A, T, B, ATB, 2 tpt, 2 vn, 2 va, bc, e101, F III/iv;
98, Quis est hic, SSATB, 2 vn, 3 va, bc, lost;
99, Quod capis, e130, lost;
100, Regem cui, SATBB (incl. Sicut cervus by Palestrina)
101, Reges Tharsis, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k168, F III/iii;
102, Reparatrix, lost;
103, Requiem aeternam (grad), F, SATB, 3 trbn, violetta, bc, k146;
104, Requiem aeternam (grad), a, SATB, k147;
105, Sacris solennis juncta, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k160, F III/iii;
106, Salve Maria, ? S, 2 vn, bc, lost;
107, Salve mater divina, B, 2 vn, va, bc, l42;
108, Sancti Dei, S, A, T, B, 3vv, 2 vn, bc, lost;
109, Surgat auster, B, ?insts, bc, lost;
110, Tollite portas, SATB, k152;
111, Tuba laetum, ? A, tpt, bc, lost;
112, Veritas mea, SATB, 2 vn, va, bc, l32;
113, Voces laetae, B, 2 vn, va, bc, e58;
114, ? De nomine Jesu, motet, B, 2 vn, bc, e76, lost;
115, ? De dedicatione, off, S, B, 4 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e82, lost;
116, ? Aria, ?S, ?insts, bc, e149, lost

Miserere, I/viii:
1, c, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, lost;
2, c, SATB, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, k148;
3, d, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, lost;
4, g, S, S, A, T, B, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e43;
5, a, SSATB, 2 vn, bc, e42;
6, a, ? SSATB, 2 vn, va, bc, lost

Marian antiphons, I/ix:
Alma Redemptoris mater:
1, C, SATB, bc, e51;
2, c, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k200;
3, d, ATB, bc, k197; 4, e, A, 2 vn, bc, k188;
5, e, SAT, bc, k195;
6, F, SA, bc, k192;
7, F, SA, bc, l46, lost (?=no.6);
8, F, SA, 2 vn, bc, k193;
9, F, SST, bc, k198;
10, F, SATB, bc, k202;
11, F, SATB, 2 va, bc, k201;
12, g, T, 2 vn, bc, k189;
13, g, SAB, 2 vn, bc, k196;
14, A, S, 2 vn, bc, k185, F III/i;
15, a, SS, bc, k191, F III/ii;
16, a, SSAT, bc, k199;
17, B , S, trbn, 2 vn, bc, k186;
18, B , S, 2 vn, bc, k187, F III/i;
19, B , B, 2vn, bc;
20, B , STB, 2 vn, bc, k194;
21, b, B, 2 vn, bc, k190

Ave regina:
22, C, SS, 2 vn, bc, k210, F III/ii;
23, C, ATB, bc, k217;
24, C, ATB, bc, k214;
25, C, SATB, k221;
26, c, S, bc, k206, F III/i;
27, d, SAT, bc, k216;
28, d, SATB, k222;
29, E , SA, bc, k213;
30, e, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k223;
31, F, S, 2 vn, bc, k207, F III/i;
32, F, S, 2 vn, va, bc, k208, F III/i;
33, F, SS, bc, k211, F III/ii;
34, F, SAT, bc, k215;
35, F, SATB, k224;
36, G, SATB, bc, k225;
37, g, SS, bc, k212, F III/ii;
38, g, SATB, k219;
39, g, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k226;
40, A, SS, bc, k209, F III/ii;
41, a, SATB, bc, k218;
42, B , S, 2 vn, bc, k205, F III/i;
43, B , SATB, bc, k220

Regina coeli:
44, C, S, tpt, bc, e90, lost;
45, C, SATB, 2 trbn, violetta, bc, e50;
46, D, A, 2 vn, bc, e104;
47, F, SATB, 2 va, bc, l45;
48, G, A, 3 vn, bc, e88, lost;
49, G, SATB, bc, lost;
50, A, SATB, 2 vn, bc;
51, B , SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, e89;
52, B , SATB, violetta, 2 va, bc, k256

Salve regina:
53, C, ?SATB, e148, lost;
54, C, SATB, 2 vn, bc,e47;
55, D, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k264;
56, E  S, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k259, l36;
57, F, SAT, ?insts, k262, lost;
58, F, SATB, violetta, va, bc, l49;
59, F, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k265;
60, g Dorian, SAT, bc, k261;
61, G, SAT, bc, k260;
62, g, B, bn, 2 vn, bc,e48;
63, g, SS, bc, k257, F III/ii;
64, g, SATB, 2 vn, bc;
65, g, SATB, 2 violetta, bc, e49;
66, g, SATB, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, l37;
67, a, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k263;
68, B , SSA, bc, k258;
69, B , S, S, A, T, B, SSATB, cornett, bn, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k266

Hymns, I/x:
1, A solis ortus, SATB, k203, k228–9, k235, k237–40;
2, Decora lux, 2vv, bc, lost;
3, Iam sol recedit, SATB, bc, k245;
4, Lucis creator, SATB, bc, k247;
5, Omni die dic Mariae, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k244, k248–52, k254, k274, k277–8;
6, Pange lingua, SATB, lost;
7, Veni creator, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, violetta, va, bc, k275;
8, [title unknown], ?S, ?insts, bc, lost

Sequences, I/xi:
1, Stabat mater, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k267–8;
2, Victimae Paschali, S, A, T, B, SATB, cornett, 3 tpt, timp, 2 trbn, 2 vn, bc, k276

Introits, I/xii:
1, Cantate Domino, SATB, violetta, va, bc, k283;
2, In civitate Dei, SATB, 3 va, bc, e38;
3, In justitia tua, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 vn, va, bc, k282;
4, Laudate pueri, SATB, violetta, va, bc, e39;
5, Polluerunt templum, SATB, bc, k253

Communion hymns, I/xiii:
1, Dicite pusillanimes, SATB, k286;
2, Dominus dabit, SATB, k285;
3, Ecce virgo concipiet, SATB, k287;
4, Revelabitur gloria Domini, SATB, k284

German sacred songs, I/xiv:
all lost
1, Frohlocke, mein Gemüt;
2, O christliches Herz;
3, O irriges Schaf, erwäg dein Tun;
4, O Jesu, du mein Vergnügen;
5, O Pein, o Reue

Other sacred, I/xv:
1, Lettioni da morto, S, A, T, T, B, SATB, cornett, 2 trbn, 2 va, bc, k288;
2, Mysteria gaudiosa, SATB, 2 vn, bc, k289;
3, Pastorella, SATB, tuba pastorica, 2 vn, 2 va, bc;
4, Domine ne in furore tuo, S, bc

Oratorios and sepolcri, II/i:
first performed in the Hofburgkapelle, Vienna
1 Santa Dimpna, Infanta d'Irlanda (G.A. Lorenzani), April 1702, only pt 2 extant; k300a
2 La Regina Saba (P.M. Ruggieri), April 1705; e96
3 La fede sacrilega nella morte del precursor S Giovanni Battista (P. Pariati), March 1714; k291, F IV/i
4 La donna forte nella madre de' sette Maccabei (Pariati), 4 April 1715; k292, F IV/ii
5 Il trionfo della fede (B. Maddali), 5 March 1716; k294, F IV/iii
6 Il fonte della salute aperto dalla grazia nel Calvario (Pariati), 10 April 1716; k293
7 Il disfacimento di Sisara, 18 Feb 1717; k295
8 Cristo nell'orto (Pariati), 12 April 1718; k296
9 Gesù Cristo negato da Pietro (Pariati), 7 April 1719;k297
10 La cena del Signore (Pariati), 26 March 1720; k298
11 Il testamento di nostro Signor Gesù Cristo sul Calvario (Pariati), 16 April 1726; k299
12 La deposizione dalla Croce di Gesù Cristo Salvator nostro (G.C. Pasquini), 23 March 1728; k299
13 Oratorium germanicum de Passione Domini, ?1731; e61, lost

Vocal secular:

Operas, II/ii:
in one act with licenza unless otherwise stated; first given in Vienna, Hofburg, unless otherwise stated
1 Il fato monarchico (festa teatrale), 16 Feb 1700; e95, lost
2 Neo-exoriens Phosphorus (Latin school drama, 3, licenza), Melk, 18 July 1701; lost
3 [title unknown] (comedy), Wiener Neustadt, 1702; lost
4 L'offendere per amare, overo La Telesilla (dramma per musica, 3, licenza, D. Cupeda), 25 June 1702; k302, lost
5 La clemenza d'Augusto (poemetto drammatico, P.A. Bernardoni), 15 Nov 1702; k301, lost
6 Julo Ascanio, re d'Alba (poemetto drammatico, Bernardoni), 19 March 1708; k304, F V/i
7 Pulcheria (poemetto drammatico, Bernardoni), Vienna, Favorita, 21 June 1708; k303, F V/ii
8 Il mese di Marzo consacrato a Marte (componimento per musica, S. Stampiglia), 19 March 1709; k306
9 Gli ossequi della notte (componimento per musica, Cupeda), Vienna, Favorita, 15 July 1709; k305, F V/iii
10 La decima fatica d'Ercole, ovvero La sconfitta di Gerione in Spagna (componimento pastorale eroico, G.B. Ancioni), Vienna, Favorita, 1 Oct 1710; k307, F V/v
11 Dafne in Lauro (componimento per camera, Pariati), 1 Oct 1714;k308
12 Orfeo ed Euridice (componimento da camera per musica, Pariati), Vienna, Favorita, 1 Oct 1715; k309
13 Angelica vincitrice di Alcina (festa teatrale, 3, licenza, Pariati), Vienna, Favorita, 14 Sept 1716; k310
14 Teodosio ed Eudossa [Act 1] (dramma per musica, 3, after V. Grimani), Wolfenbüttel, 1716; as Teodosio, Hamburg, 1718; e151, lost, collab. A. Caldara and F. Gasparini
15 Diana placata (festa teatrale per musica, Pariati), 19 Nov 1717; k311
16 Elisa (componimento teatrale per musica, 2, licenza, Pariati), Vienna, Favorita, 28 Aug 1719 (Amsterdam, 1719); k312
17 Psiche (componimento da camera per musica, A. Zeno), 19 Nov 1720; k313
18 Le nozze di Aurora (festa teatrale per musica, prol, 1, licenza, Pariati), Vienna, Favorita, 6 Oct 1722; k314
19 Costanza e Fortezza (festa teatrale per musica, 3, licenza, Pariati), Prague, Hradschin, 28 Aug 1723, ed. in DTÖ, xxxiv–xxxv, Jg.xvii (1910/R); k315
20 Giunone placata (festa teatrale per musica, I. Zanelli, 19 Nov 1725; k316
21 La corona d'Arianna (festa teatrale per musica, Pariati), Vienna, Favorita, 28 Aug 1726; k317
22 Enea negli Elisi, ovvero Il tempio dell'Eternità (festa teatrale per musica, P. Metastasio), Vienna, Favorita, 28 Aug 1731; k318

Instrumental:

III/i: 53 trio sonatas, 2 vn, bc (8 lost), k336, k338–42, k349, k360–93, k395–7, l53, e66, e69, e92, 10 ed. in F VI/iii;
1 sonata, va da gamba, bc

III/ii: 12 sonatas: 1, D, 2 vn, va, bc, k349;
2, d, 2 vn, trbn, bc, e68;
3, e, 2 vn, va, bc, e93, lost;
4, F, 2 solo vn, 2 vn, va, bc, k348;
5, G, 2 vn, va, bc, k343;
6, g, cornett, trbn, vn, bc, k347;
7, g, 2 vn, va, org, e91, lost;
8, g, 2 vn, va, org, lost;
9, A, 2 vn, violetta, bc, k350;
10, a, 2 vn, va, bc, k346;
11, B , 3 solo vn, 2 vn, va, bc, k344, k394;
12, vn piccolo, 2 vn, va, bc, lost

III/iii: 12 partitas, 2 vn, bc, k319–29, k358;
1 partita, fl, ob, bc, e64, R 7

III/iv: other works:
1, ouverture, C, 2 vn, va, bc, k356, R 5;
2, Rondeau, C, vn piccolo, vn, 2 va, bc, e111;
3, sinfonia, C, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, in A. Lotti: Costantino, 1716, k333;
4, Partie, C, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, k334;
5, intrada, C, 2 ob, vn piccolo, 2 vn, va, bc, e62;
6, serenada, C, 2 ob, 2 tpt, 2 vn, va, bc, k352, R 1;
7, [Tafelmusik], C, 2 ob, 2 tpt, timp, 2 vn, va, bc;
8, ouverture, d, 2 vn, va, bc, k357, R 6;
9, sinfonia, d, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, in G.B. Bononcini: Proteo sul Reno, 1703, k332;
10, ouverture, d, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, k355, R 4;
11, ouverture, d, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, e109;
12, ouverture (Der Frühling), d, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc;
13, ouverture, F, 2 vn, va, bc, k354, R 3;
14, sonata, F, ob/fl, 2 vn, bc, lost;
15, sinfonia, F, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, in C.A. Badia: La concordia della Virtù e della Fortuna, 1702, e63;
16, ouverture, F, ob, 2 hn, 2 vn, va, bc, k335;
17, ouverture, F, 2 ob, 2 hn, 2 vn, va, bc, in M.'A. Ziani: Meleagro, 1706, e108;
18, ouverture, g, 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, k359;
19, Le dolcezze, e l'amerezze della notte, a, 2 ob, 2 vn, bc, e112;
20, Arie, B , 2 ob, 2 vn, bc;
21, sinfonia, B , 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, k353, R 2;
22, ouverture, B , 2 ob, 2 vn, va, bc, e110;
23, music cited in diary of P.I. Lovina, lost;
24, Furore carnevalesco, ? 2 ob, 2 bn, 2 vn, 2 vc, bc, lost

Keyboard, III/v:
1, Ciaccona, D, k403/2, F VI/i;
2–5, 4, Menuett, D, e118, e122, e125, e127, F VI/i;
6, Fuga, d;
7, Aria, F, e116, F VI/i;
8, Harpeggio, G, e114, F VI/i;
9–11, 3 menuett, G, e120–21, e128, F, VI/i;
12, Ouverture, G (2 versions), e70, F VI/i;
13, Capriccio, g, k404, F VI/i;
14–15, 2 menuett, g, e124, e126, F VI/i;
16, Partita, g, e117, F VI/i;
17, Aria, A;
18, Menuett, A, e123, F VI/i;
19, Partita, A, k405, F VI/i;
20, Partita, a, e115, F VI/i;
21, Menuett, B , e115, F VI/i

Canons, III/vi:
1, Sonata, 3 vn, e67;
2, 11 canons on a theme in semibreves

Literatura:

1, Gradus ad Parnassum (Vienna, 1725, 2/1742/R; Eng. trans., ?1767, as Practical Rules for Learning Composition; partial Eng. trans., 1943, as Steps to Parnassus: the Study of Counterpoint, 2/1965 as The Study of Counterpoint)
2, Singfundament, MSS in A-M, Wgm, Wn, Wwessely, D-Bsb, H-PH, SK-BRm; pubd as Gründlicher zur Gesangslehre unumgänglich nothwendiger Unterricht in der Solmisation (Vienna, ?1832)

Font: En català: Johann Joseph Fux (1660-1741) En castellano: Johann Joseph Fux (1660-1741) In english: Johann Joseph Fux (1660-1741) - Altres: Johann Joseph Fux (1660-1741) 



Parlem en veu pròpia o en veu d'altri...

M'agradaria començar amb una dosis pertinent d'autocrítica perquè ni servidor es pot creure que prèviament a la d'avui, i després de les més de 1300 entrades publicades, només una d'elles hagi fet una fugaç referència a Johann Joseph Fux, mestre de mestres i compositor de manual. Me'n faig creus i demano disculpes perquè realment el seu nom, i especialment la seva enciclopèdica obra, mereixerien com a mínim un espai monogràfic. De fet, Fux va representar una de les culminacions del barroc a Àustria, comparable en importància a Johann Sebastian Bach a Alemanya, a Lully a França o a Vivaldi a Itàlia. Per tant, és celestialment injust el tracte que hem donat a una eminència de la música del seu nivell i que a diferència dels autors prèviament citats, es va centrar quasi en exclusiva, musicalment parlant, en la litúrgia. El repertori en aquest gènere va ser immens amb un mínim d'un centenar de misses, una dotzena d'oratoris i nou rèquiems més tota una diversitat d'obres 'menors' entre motets, salms, vespres, himnes, etc. Per tant, és imperatiu i d'aquesta manera que avui intentarem il·luminar una mica més la història a l'entorn d'un Fux que recordem va viure quasi en règim d'obligada permanència a Viena, on va ser mestre de capella imperial i director musical de la Catedral de Sant Esteve i a on probablement va coincidir, a l'entorn del 1740, amb un joveníssim cantant de nom Joseph Haydn. No obstant, anys abans, Fux va rebre un encàrrec de compondre un Kaiserrequiem en honor a l'emperadriu Eleonore Magdalena, viuda del magnànim Leopold I, mort l'any 1705. La proposta de rèquiem de Fux i la posada en escena següent va ser la d'una missa solemne, amb instrumentació en termes de stylus mixtus, és a dir, un grup extens d'instruments amb l'absència de trompetes i timbales alhora que va limitar els llargs passatges orquestrals, centrant-se en les veus. Una de les característiques pròpies de l'època va ser la de reciclar antigues partitures ja que en essència no es va tractar d'un rèquiem adhoc, sinó de la suma de vàries parts escrites en temps diferents. Això va permetre a Fux reutilitzar aquesta partitura en anys posteriors i per ocasions diverses (1729, 1731, 1735, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741 i per darrera vegada el 1743). Aquesta 'llibertat' redunda en moviments com l'extens Miserere o el parell de Sonates instrumentals que incorpora. I pel que fa pròpiament a l'edició on el trobarem, res negatiu a comentar, ans el contrari, excel·lència i precisió en totes direccions motiu que ens satisfà en primera persona però que també ens permet celebrar, amb honor i admiració, al seu creador, l'extraordinari Johann Joseph Fux!

Gaudiu i compartiu! 



Informació addicional... 

INTERPRETS: Musica Fiata; La Capella Ducale; Roland Wilson (conductor)
RECICLASSICAT: FUX, Johann Joseph (1660-1741)
AMAZON: Fux - Kaiserrequiem
SPOTIFY: Fux - Kaiserrequiem



Tant si us ha agradat, com si no, opineu, és lliure i fàcil!

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